Designing is the blend of artistic talents and creativity. Design encompasses a number of different fields. It can be mainly divided into four ie, Fashion designing, Product designing, Graphic designing and Interior designing. Fashion designing deals with clothing and textiles, product designing with designing the products and graphic designing deals with designing for websites, movies, logos, signage, etc. Interior designing is the arrangement of living space i.e organizing, managing and planning of the interiors of rooms at homes, offices, retail shops, showrooms, hotels, airports, exhibition halls, conference centers, theatres, TV and film studios and commercial establishments etc. The objective of designing space is to achieve functionality and to create the right kind of atmosphere for the right budget. Interior designing as a specialisation became popular only in the last few years.
Earlier architects would do all the design work, both exteriors and interiors themselves. Of late people have become more conscious of the design, layout and placement of their interiors, for offices, factories as well as residences. This has opened the door for a large number of professional interior designers. Most interior designers specialise in a particular area. For example, some may concentrate on business design, while others focus on residential design and landscape designing. Still others may specialize further by focusing on particular rooms, such as kitchens or baths. With a client’s tastes, needs, and budget in mind, interior designers prepare drawings and specifications for non-load-bearing interior construction, this includes choice and decoration of walls, floors, roofs, choice and placement of furniture and other indoor objects, window treatments and other indoor objects, lighting and control of visual and sound effects.
Interior Designer should be aware of the change in trends and keep up with the latest styles. Interior designing as a course has become popular in the last few years, there are only a few institutions offering reputed programmes in interior designing in India. School of Interior Design, Ahmedabad offers Five-year programme and J.J School of Arts, Mumbai offers 4 years Bachelor of Fine Arts (BFA). Unlike many other careers, design inevitably requires both a strong aptitude as well as a creative talent in the field.
The 4 years Bachelor of fine Arts (BFA) programme offers specialisation in Interior Design. The school of Interior design, CEPT, Ahmedabad offers 5 year professional programme in Interior design to candidates who have passed +2 with 55% aggregate in Maths/Biology, Physics, Chemistry and English. Many part time one year diploma course being run in every city, which require very minimal qualification. There are many private institutions offering certificate courses for interior designing, qualification required for such courses is SSLC.
Interior designers' success depend on their ability to satisfy clients for that, they must posses certain skills- artistic, technical interpersonal and management skills. Interior designers need to be imaginative, creative, self-motivated and good at listening. Excellent communication skill is essential for an interior designer, as they need to describe their ideas and requirements to clients and other professionals such as builders and electricians. They should have a high level of technical knowledge about past and present styles of architecture, computer-aided design skills, artworks, building materials and infrastructure, texture and lightings. They should be able to calculate the cost of a design and to work out a budget. Interior designers need to have good eyesight and normal Colour vision. In addition, they also need to be able to inspire confidence in their clients and at times accept criticism.
Interior design is one of the fastest growing professional fields. There are lots of employment opportunities for interior designers in various fields. Interior Designers can find employment with architects or architectural firms, builders, public works department, hotel and resort chains, hospitals, town planning bureau, regional and metropolitan development works, private consultancies, studios and theaters and exhibition organizers. etc. They can also set up their own business. Once they make a name, it is a very lucrative profession.
Besides new structures, Interior Designers also plan the interiors of existing structures that are undergoing renovation or expansion. The first step in developing a new design or altering an existing one is to determine the needs of the client, the ultimate function for which the design is intended, and its appeal to customers or users. When creating a design, designers often begin by researching the desired design characteristics, such as size, shape, weight, color, materials used, cost, ease of use, fit and safety. After consulting with the client, Designers then prepare sketches or diagrams by hand or with the aid of a computer to illustrate the vision for the design. In big projects, a creative director or a product development team of designers create detailed designs, using drawings, a structural model, computer simulations etc.
Interior design offers excellent opportunities for those who wish to be self employed, or work part time. It is one of the few professions where one can operate from home with a minimal investment. Designers sometimes supervise assistants who assist them to carry out their creations. Increasingly, designers are using computers to plan layouts, because computers make it easy to change plans to include ideas received from the client. Computers have become essential for many designers, especially those in industrial and graphic design.
Interior design is an immensely rewarding profession. Earnings for interior designers varies widely depending on the type of design they do. Beginners monthly salary range between, Rs. 5000 to Rs. 8000 while established designers gets Rs.50,000 to Rs. 75,000.