English— 2006 (Set I— Compartment Outside Delhi)
General Instructions: See in the Set - I, Delhi Board, 2006, (Comptt.).
SECTION - A
( READING SKILLS)
Q. 2. Read the passage carefully and answer the questions given below:
A culture takes its form after it has undergone a process of growth over a period of time. This time may extend over centuries or over millennia. As the waves from rivulets or a river deposit the fine and rich alluvial matter alongside its banks and make the bank-side land fertile, so also the surge of wisdom from the family, the religion, the philosophy and many more sources, deposits layer upon layer and makes the family or the social soil rich and fertile ioi the growth of the succeeding generations. This social and family soil, formed of fine deposits of reflections, observations, experiences, reforms and practices, of great people is congenial for growth and is called Culture. As bees from a honey-comb move and flit from flower to flower, take essence from them and form tasteful and nourishing honey, even so do the sages, the seers, the thinkers, the philosophers and men of wisdom or ordinary people, who have a developed and keen sense of observation. They leave some nourishing honey of utterances, experiences, useful practices and understanding of many a natural phenomenon and these together make a Culture.
The Culture is a treasure of collected gems of experiences and wisdom of the ages, gifted by a lot many earlier generations. It is the essence of the distilled experiences of so many people, carried over from the past. It is a reservoir of tried and tested values, norms, observances and principles that have taken the form of life-styles, manners, etiquette, folk lore, celebrations, quotations, festivals and visual and performing arts,
Such, as dance, drama, songs, conventions, traditions and even rituals. How the young sters should meet, greet and treat the elders and vice-versa, how oiie should treat a guest, a-neighbour or friend and how one should respect one’s teacher or a sage, what and how one should cat and drink or what one should not eat and not drink; at what hour in the morning should one get up and at what hour should one sleep; what kind or form of dress one should wear: how gents should treat ladies or what manners should each gender observe in the presence of the other— all these and thousand more things are included in the term ‘Culture’.
Culture has a very’ wide connotation. It enjoins upon people certain norms to be observed on various occasions, in various relationships and various situations. The older the, culture, the wider is its expanse and richer are its contents. Its observances start from the time of the birth and last till the time of one’s last breath. In fact, there is no moment in life for which Culture does not ask us to observe a particular rule or follow a particular way and to refrain from certain doings.
Most of the conventions, traditions, norms and practices — which are part of a culture - have some rationale behind them and have the support of the experiences of a large number of people who observed them over a period of time or who, by violating them saw the negative results. So, every point in a Culture is not a dogma or a set of whims and fancies or a collection of superstitions or meaningless rituals It is based on rome sound laws of good living, told by the ancestors and predecessors. Some of the cultural norms may be necessary for a particular section of humankind, living in a particular geo-physical setting or in a particular climatic region and some or any of the conventions and practices may be useful for all and may therefore be of universal nature.
SFCTION - B
(AD VANCED WRITING SKILLS)
Q. 3. You are Anita Raj, Head Girl of Lucknow Public School. Write a notice on behalf of your school inviting all the grandparents of the students to your school to celebrate ‘World Elders Day’ (Word limit — 50 words) (5)
You are Anil, a Social activist. Design a poster to observe ‘Wild-Life Protection Week’ in your city. (Word limit — 50 words) (5)