CBSE Science Class 6

The Living Organisms And their Surroundings

The Living Organisms And their Surroundings - Chapter Wise CBSE Solved Question and Answer Based On NCERT

Points To Remember:

  • The surroundings where an organism lives is called a habitat. Different types of habitat are: terrestrial and aquatic.
  • The plant and animals that live on land are said to live in terrestrial habitats. Example-forests, deserts etc. Habitat of plant and animal that lives in water is called aquatic habitat. Example-ponds, sea etc.
  • There are two components of habitat: biotic and abiotic
  • The living things such as plants and animals in a habitat are called its biotic components. Non living things such as soil, water, air are abiotic components of a habitat.
  • The presence of specific feature or habits, which enables a plant or animal to live in its surroundings, is called adaptation. Such as in terrestrial plants roots play role in absorption of water and minerals from the soil. Whereas in aquatic plants roots are reduced in size and their main function is to hold the plant in place.
  • Living organism performs various life processes such as eating food, respiration, excretion, growth and movement.

Chapter 9: The Living Organisms And their Surroundings