National Council of Education Research and Training (NCERT)
National Talent Search Examination (NTSE) is one of the most prestigious competitive examination held in India for granting scholarships for students of Class X or equivalent.
NTSE is conducted by the NCERT - National Council of Education Research and Training which was established by the Government of India in the year 1961. Tthey introduced National Science Talent Search (NSTS) Scheme, to find out the talented students in science and award them with scholarships.
But after introduction of 10+2+3 pattern of education, the NSTS scheme also went under some change, it was renamed as National Talent Search Scheme (NTSS). Apart from science it gives importance to Social Sciences, Engineering and medicine as well. This Scheme awards 1000 scholarships of which 15% scholarships are reserved for Scheduled Castes and 7.5% for Scheduled Tribes candidates and 3% for Physically Challenged Group of students each year.
The purpose of this scheme is to identify brilliant students at the end of Class X and give them financial assistance in getting good education .For the selection year 2008, the NCERT will conduct the National Talent Search Examination at two levels i.e Class VIII and Class X on the basis of the examination conducted, 1000 scholarships will be awarded for each group of students.
Tthe selection of candidates for the awards became a two-tier process. The states and the Union Territories conduct the first tier Screening Examination known as State Level Talent Search Examination and the second process is the National Level Talent Search Examination.
Tthe candidates are subjected to two objective type written tests i.e,Mental Ability Test (MAT) and the Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT). Those candidate qualify these two tests are subjected to face-to-face interview. The final awards are made on the basis of composite scores obtained in the MAT, the SAT and the interview.
The States have complete autonomy to conduct their written examinations. However, they are advised to follow the national pattern which comprised MAT and SAT. The pattern of examination for Class VIII and Class X will be common. The MAT, consists of 100 questions, each carry one mark. The SAT paper will consist of 100 multiple choice questions. The number of questions shall be divided as 40 in General Science, 40 in Social Sciences and 20 in Mathematics
The scholarships under the present scheme are awarded to the candidates for pursuing courses in sciences and social sciences up to doctoral level and in professional courses like medicine and engineering up to second-degree level.