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CBSE Important Questions

CBSE Guess > Papers > Important Questions > Class X > 2014 > Chemistry > Chemistry By Mrs. Kritika Bhola


Organic Compounds

The compounds of carbon are known as organic compounds as they  contain hydrogen and many  organic compounds containing oxygen or other elements. So, most organic compounds are HYDROCARBONS or their derivatives. They are covalent compounds having low melting and boiling points.

  • Oxides of carbon , carbonates, hydrogencarbonates and carbides are also carbon compounds but they are not considered as organic compounds because their properties are different from those of common organic compounds.

Two properties of carbon –

  1. Catenation -  atoms join with one another to form long chains .
    3 types of chains -

    1. Straight chain
    2. Branched chain
    3. Closed chain

  2. Tetravalent

Types of Organic compounds - 

  1. Hydrocarbons
  2. Haloalkanes
  3. Alcohols
  4. Aldehydes
  5. Ketones
  6. Carboxylic acids ( Organic acids)

Submitted By Mrs. Kritika Bhola
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